Posts Tagged ‘credit card lawsuit’

Living Below Radar, Best Time for Hardship Settlement Offer

Wednesday, September 18th, 2013

Question: I am living below the radar, not paying off any debts. I believe that several debt collection lawsuits have been filed against me, which I have ignored. I am not sure if they have gotten judgments against me or not, but there is nothing in my name and all my transactions are in cash, even my income is entirely cash-based. Is there a good time to come out of the shadows and deal with this and, if there is a good time, when and how? Thanks.

My response:
You appear to be following a mish-mash of (a) my “Don’t Pay a Dime Strategy” in which the debtor does not pay the debts in the hope that the creditor or debt buyer will miss the statute of limitations and (b) some other advice you found somewhere commonly referred to as “Judgment Proof.” I am not a fan of your current strategy, because anyone with a house, bank account, or a job that pays more than the minimum wage in California, would not be judgment proof or would be subjected to massive judgments once they get a job, bank account, or real property.

The result is the debtor ends up overpaying to resolve old debts, because the judgment creditor (the person or entity who has a judgment for money) gets a judgment for the full balance, plus accrued interest, court costs, and sometimes attorney’s fees. Defending my clients from debt collection lawsuits has saved my clients so much in most cases. If you’ve ever experienced a small bulb growing into a large flower, you can relate to how these debts blossom and bloom from a simple credit card balance to a default judgment. For the judgment creditor, it’s a sweet smelling, colorful flower. To the judgment debtor, it’s a Venus fly trap!

I have posted several blogs about timely responding when served with a debt collection lawsuit. I have also explained how default judgments are obtained without the debtor knowing about it and what can be done to resolve those old default judgments. I have blogs and legal guides on Avvo.com that explain how to settle and what documentation is essential. Please review my postings, which are organized by several categories.

Great question on when is a good time to settle old debts, including old default judgments. Of course, right now is a great time to settle old debts, especially if the debtor has no assets and very low or no income. When the judgment creditor is unable to collect most or all of the judgment and the debtor could be a candidate for Bankruptcy Chapter 7, that’s when the debtor can propose a “hardship settlement offer,” because they have an actual financial hardship. The offer works best if the debtor has access to additional funds to make an offer that is greater than what their assets and income can provide. For example, since retirement funds are beyond reach of civil judgments, borrowing from a 401-k, a family member, or on an open line of credit, are ways to get the funds for a hardship settlement offer.

How you come out is up to you, but this can be done between the debtor and the debt collection agency directly or the debtor may want to use outside resources. Perhaps there is a family member who is comfortable doing this or hire a debt collection DEFENSE attorney to negotiate. The key is not paying too much for the settlement process, to leave enough to propose an attractive settlement amount. Too little and the debt collector will reject the offer and wait.
Robert Stempler
www.StopCollectionLawsuits.com
Twitter @RStempler
Facebook: www.facebook.com/SoCalConsumerLawyer

Ignoring a Debt Collection Lawsuit That Was Not Personally Delivered

Tuesday, September 10th, 2013

Question: Is it possible a debt collection company can sue the debtor on an unpaid credit card if they have moved to a new address? I have not received the lawsuit papers personally, but I learned from the California Superior court’s online case summary that a debt collection lawsuit has been filed and it states they served me. Can’t I ignore this?

My response:

Yes, the debt collection company can sue for an unpaid debt, even after the debtor moved to a new address, but the lawsuit must be filed in the proper court. In particular, the lawsuit can be filed where the defendant lives when the lawsuit was filed or where the defendant lived when they first entered into the agreement for the credit card.

After that, the debt collection lawsuit must be served in one of the ways permitted by the California Code of Civil Procedure. I explain in other blog postings the two main ways that a defendant can be served in Superior Court on a lawsuit: personal service and substitute service. Substitute service requires a reasonable number of attempts (typically, at least three) at the defendant’s residence or place of business. In your situation, did they try to serve you at your new address or where you work or do business a reasonable number of times? Do they know your new address or did you give that to them at any time?

As the videos on my home page explain, ignoring a debt collection lawsuit is one option of several. I’d recommend exploring carefully each of your options and then call a debt collection DEFENSE attorney (which is what I do) to narrow what options are most appropriate for you and your situation. Putting off dealing with a lawsuit is not suitable for most people, in my opinion.

The way I would compare a defendant’s putting off dealing with a debt collection lawsuit and letting it become a default judgment is that it is similar to not going to the doctor for treatment and anti-biotics of an infected wound. How long before the untreated, festering wound gets worse? How long before the infection spreads and can harm other body parts or even cause the patient to become seriously sick all over?

An unpaid default judgment can be difficult to set aside and is subject to the review by a judge, if after the proper motion is filed. A judge might conclude that the defendant was aware of the judgment and failed to promptly file a response when aware of the lawsuit or promptly file to set aside a default judgment. Thus, an older default judgment becomes almost impossible to set aside and it not only grows with interest at 10 percent per year, but other costs can be added, possibly attorney’s fees. A judgment also impacts, for most people, their personal credit scores for many, many years, making it hard to qualify for credit, property, and sometimes insurance and a job.
Robert Stempler
www.StopCollectionLawsuits.com
Twitter @RStempler
Facebook: www.facebook.com/SoCalConsumerLawyer

Living Paycheck to Paycheck, Debt Collector Wants Too Much to Settle

Monday, February 18th, 2013

Question: Like so many others in this economy, I can barely pay my current bills, so I had to stop paying the minimum on some of my credit cards. The phone calls and final notices for payment from the banks stopped about a year ago, but I just received a letter with a settlement offer from a debt collection company, which also says that I can dispute the debt within 30 days of receipt. What do you suggest? At the end of the month, there is still nothing left over, after regular expenses, living as cheap as we can. I cannot pay the settlement, but I am afraid their next move will be to sue me in court, like your website says. My wages are higher than the bankruptcy means test amount, so I need help.

My response:
As you know, you are not alone. Now, 41% of Americans live each week paycheck to paycheck, according to a recent survey by Allstate, covered in the LA Times Business/Money Section. After several months of no credit card payments, the bank charged off your account as a bad debt. A charge off is an accounting term to show that the debt is probably not collectable, so bank auditors will no longer allow this to be considered an asset of the institution.

At that point, the credit card bank reviewed its uncollectable accounts and sold many of them to a debt collection agency, known in the industry as a “debt buyer.” Either this debt collection agency or another debt collector is now contacting you to settle this debt, which now belongs to them. If you do not settle soon, they may refer the debt to a collection lawyer licensed in California, who will probably file a lawsuit in the Superior Court that covers where you live, if settlement arrangements are not made in writing. I explain the reasons in an article on my website, Understanding Why You Were Sued.

It can be less costly for the consumer to settle when no lawsuit has been filed and the lawyer has not been retained, because the debt buyer has not paid for those costs and fees. However, depending on the debt buyer’s policies, it still may be unaffordable or you may feel that they want too much to settle the debt, which did not cost them much to buy. Bear in mind, however, that if they sue you in court and win a money judgment, the amount will probably be the full balance on one of your last statements, plus accrued interest, court costs, and maybe attorney’s fees. The judgment may then appear on your credit reports and be secured as a lien on any real property (such as your home) by recording an abstract of judgment with the County Clerk or Recorder’s Office. There are numerous other ways that the collection agency’s lawyers can enforce this debt, such as by levying the consumer’s bank account and wage garnishment.

As painful as a settlement would be now, a worse alternative is having to pay this entire account plus interest and attorney’s fees on a money judgment that itself yields 10% interest per year and many costs can be added to the balance. By the same token, I would not accept any settlement offer that the consumer cannot ensure will be paid, exactly as promised. This would only put you in a worse position, as the discount that you negotiated in the settlement will be lost and the payments will merely be applied as credits towards the full balance due.

When agreeing to a debt collection settlement, you as the debtor should know that the collection agency will require you to acknowledge in writing the full balance due. If you miss one or more of the settlement payments, then they will have a much easier time enforcing in court the full unpaid amount of the debt. This would not limited by the settlement amount. This lawsuit would also not be limited by the fact that some debt buyers lack adequate documentation of their debts and it can challenging to obtain the full records for the account.

Your question also asked about a written dispute, because the debt collection letter states that you have the right to get it verified in writing or to dispute it. You may want to access the free consumer letters on my other web site, sample letter #1.1, which contains the language that I recommend for this purpose. Be prepared, however, for a simple letter back from the debt collection agency that says we have verified it. There are court cases that make this an adequate verification of the debt, so they can continue their collection efforts. I am not aware of potential harm from sending the dispute letter, but asking them to verify the debt in writing can make them more “aware” of you.

Robert Stempler
www.StopCollectionLawsuits.com
Twitter @RStempler

Facebook: www.facebook.com/SoCalConsumerLawyer

How long to file papers in court, after receiving the summons and complaint via U.S. Mail?

Thursday, September 13th, 2012

Question: No process server ever approached me, but gave the summons and debt collection complaint to my wife.  A few days later, another copy arrived in the mail. I still have the envelope with the postmark. Do I still need to respond within 30 days and from when?

My response:
Under the California Code of Civil Procedure, which governs in Superior Court cases, the defendant must file their response in court not later than 30 calendar days from the date of personal service, which occurs when the server hands the summons and collection complaint personally to the defendant.

Substitute Service occurs after satisfying due diligence in trying several times to perform personal service on the defendant.  After due diligence, the process server hands the summons and collection complaint to an adult member of the defendant’s household or the person who appears to be in charge at the defendant’s place of business, then mails another copy of the summons and collection complaint to the defendant at that same address.

In this case, the process server has performed Substitute Service on you, which adds 10 calendar days, making a total of 40 days from the date of mailing for the defendant to file his or her response in court.

Some defendants receive only a copy of the summons and collection complaint by U.S. Mail and no one at their home or place of business advised them that they were served.  In those cases, you should still go on the premise that you have only 40 calendar days from the mailing date in which to file a response in court, to prevent a default judgment from being entered. Please see other blog postings about default judgments.

Robert Stempler
www.StopCollectionLawsuits.com
Twitter @RStempler

Never Served, but Now Something Came by Mail, a Request for Entry of Default Judgment

Saturday, August 18th, 2012

Question:
What does it mean when the collection lawyers sent me a Request for Entry of Default Judgment? The only thing that I received from this law firm before now were a couple of letters, which I did not call back, because I didn’t have money to settle.  The papers show they have filed a lawsuit in the courthouse near me, which the online case summary shows they claim they served the summons and complaint by mail on me a couple of months ago. I thought that the law requires personal service of lawsuits, something called “due process”?

My response:
You are correct, there is a Constitutional principle known as Due Process, which requires that a defendant be given notice of a pending lawsuit, preferably by personal service on the defendant. However, California civil procedure permits alternative forms of service, if the process server declares that they tried several times to serve you personally at home or at work, but you were never present.  This is known as due diligence.  After due diligence, they can hand the summons and complaint to someone who is an adult at the defendant’s house or apparently in charge at your workplace and then mail a copy to you at that address.  This is known a substitute service.

If you have been substitute served, rather than the usual 30 days to respond in writing to the lawsuit, California civil procedure adds 10 days from the date of mailing, giving you or your defense attorney a total of 40 days from date of mailing to file in court your response.  One point about substitute service: it must be delivered to someone at your residence or work address, or it is invalid and can be challenged, but act promptly and consult with experienced counsel on that, as there is no standard DIY form to set aside a default judgment.

Now that a couple of months have passed since the process server said he or she substitute served you, the debt collection lawyers have sent you a copy of the Request for Entry of Default, which they have also probably sent to the Clerk of the Court to be filed.  If the Clerk files it, then it becomes an enforceable judgment against you, unless you set aside the default judgment, satisfy the default judgment by paying money to settle in full with the plaintiff, or file bankruptcy to have it discharged.

A California judgment must be renewed every 10 years, or it expires, but many collection agencies keep track of judgment expiration dates and renew it until satisfied in full or discharged in bankruptcy.  Thus, I would suggest you deal with it now, if possible, as it can remain out there forever and pop up and be very annoying and vexing at the most inconvenient times.

Robert Stempler
www.StopCollectionLawsuits.com
Twitter @RStempler

Three Common Mistakes to Avoid when Negotiating a Settlement of a Collection Lawsuit

Friday, August 17th, 2012

Consumers routinely try to settle a debt collection lawsuit, which is something that I believe should be explored, before deciding which option is best (see the first video on my web site’s home page, “Understanding Your Options”)).  Below are the three most common mistakes that consumers make in the settlement process.  There are plenty of others, but from the horror stories that I have reviewed after the fact, these are the most common regarding settlement.   Often, these pitfall prevent a settlement and risk a money judgment for the full balance and other charges by the debt collection law firm, which then shows up on consumer credit reports.

Mistake 1.  Whatever settlement you negotiate and accept, be sure that you can comply with the payment terms, or you may probably end up with a judgment for the full amount (less credit for payments), if you miss a payment or are late.  I often caution people to look carefully at their finances before entering into a settlement discussion.  I also warn against very long term payments, even if the seem affordable. This is not a car that you can at least drive around for several years.  If anything happens financially, such as unemployment or illness in the family, and you are unable to make the monthly payments, the collection attorney can enter a judgment on the full unpaid balance, which is almost back to square one for this lawsuit, but now there will be a money judgment on your credit reports.

Mistake 2.  Be aware of the little things that can add up to an enormous settlement, if agreeing to make payments over time.  In particular, the rate of interest on the unpaid balance.  The current legal rate in California on a money judgment is 10%, which is what money judgments earn, even if the debt was originally at a higher rate.  Not only that, but many creditors and debt collectors will not charge any interest (0%) on a long-term payment settlement agreement, provided that the agreed payments are timely received and don’t bounce.  Consider the rate of interest and try to get interest waived (0%), before agreeing to make long-term payments, as an interest rate  adds many payments to the settlement.

Mistake 3. A few people believe that they can negotiate a lower settlement of a debt collection lawsuit by misstating their income or other financial information, or not providing it at all.  Debtors must be accurate and avoid misleading statements when negotiating. Debt collection agencies and their lawyers often have a copy of the debtor’s credit report and other available information to help root out inaccurate statements.  For instance, if the debtor claims to be swimming under a load of debt, but their credit report shows only two low balance credit cards, then that will be viewed as a bad faith settlement tactic, and probably be rejected.  Another example is to claim that the house has no equity, which is easy to verify using free online databases of housing values.

Please also be aware that credit reports contain inaccurate information or are missing key data, which the debtor may need to clarify or explain, if aware of that.  For instance, some credit reports show the debtor at a different address in a good area, but if you have moved or it is only a private mail box, perhaps the debtor should clarify, so they understand your circumstances are more dire than once assumed.  Some credit reports also show employment information, which can also make a big difference in negotiating a settlement.

Hiring an attorney to negotiate and defend against a debt collection can make a difference, but I try to encourage consumers to try this for themselves, to see if they can save the legal fees and courts costs.

Robert Stempler
www.StopCollectionLawsuits.com
Twitter @RStempler

How much should I offer to settle a debt collection lawsuit?

Friday, August 10th, 2012

Question: I’ve never been sued before, this is all new. I read your Settlement Guide #1 on Avvo.com, which explained many of my questions. I’m sure that I will read your other two Settlement Guides, once I know how much to offer to settle. Should I offer 10% of the amount stated in the lawsuit?  Bankruptcy is something I want to avoid.  I have a home with some equity in it, but not much. The lawsuit is not by the bank, but filed by a debt collection agency, so shouldn’t they be willing to settle for much less?

My response:
How much to offer is probably the top question on everyone’s mind.  First, understand the debt collection agent’s perspective.  The goal of the collection attorney and their agents is to maximize the recovery from each case and turn a profit for a particular portfolio of debts.

Time is money, so the sooner the funds are received, the less costly a settlement proposal can be.  If you can pay the settlement funds soon (such as within 30 to 90 days), that will usually make the settlement a lower dollar amount.  Settlements can often be approved with payments for 12 to 36 months, sometimes longer. Some companies will agree to waive interest, so long as the payments are received timely and don’t bounce.  Some debt collection agencies insist on full payment of the principal amount, if the settlement payments are made over a year or more.

Then, there are those debt collection agencies who like to squeeze everyone, because they believe they have the upper hand over unrepresented consumers.  They squeeze the debtor consumer into paying every cent, even obnoxious rates of interest and attorney’s fees.  Why bother settling if there is almost no difference between what would be the result if you go to trial and lose and making settlement payments of the full amount plus interest, etc?

The risk of heavy-handed debt collection practices is that when push comes to shove, people will learn their options (see the first video on my website’s home page).  Once they know their options, if the debtor cannot get a reasonable, affordable settlement, they may reject settlement and see if the judgment will be enforced, file bankruptcy, or hire an attorney to defend them in the collection lawsuit and likely negotiate fairer settlement terms.

Ten percent up to half of the amount in the lawsuit might be accepted by the collection company, if the debtor can show at least one good reason why the company risks get nothing and wasting its time and money in the case, if they don’t settle.  For instance, perhaps the lawsuit was filed too late, well past the statute of limitations, which should result in immediate dismissal if proven.  Perhaps the debtor has many debts and their income is such that they qualify for a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy, in which case if the debtor is faced with an unreasonable settlement posture, the bankruptcy option may be explored and the debt collection agency may get nothing.

Even if the debt collection agency purchased the debt for less than ten percent of the amount of the unpaid principal, unless the lawsuit was not filed timely or the debtor is a good candidate for bankruptcy, I would not expect the company to accept 10%. That is because they speak with debtors every day who are unable to pay.  In their view, they must turn enough accounts into a profit over the purchase price, or they will no longer have enough income to pay employees and other business expenses.

There really is no magic number to offer or that all debt collection agencies will find acceptable, each case can be negotiated, if a difficult situation is properly and accurately presented.

Robert Stempler
www.StopCollectionLawsuits.com
Twitter @RStempler

I was not properly served, so can I file something to dismiss the case?

Tuesday, June 5th, 2012

Question: I did not pay one of my credit cards, because it was too much for me.  Now, I received in the mail a summons and complaint for that credit card debt.  No one in my home knows anything about this, so I don’t believe that this is proper substitute service. Can I file something in Superior Court about not being served? Can I get the case dismissed or put off a long time?

My response:
Whenever the defendant located within California has not been properly served with the lawsuit, in addition to their six options that I explained in the first video on my home page, the person could file a motion to quash.  There is no check-the-box form for this motion in California Superior Court.  Motions to quash are unusual.  People should either file a response to the debt collection lawsuit or exercise one of their other options, such as settling the case.

If the defendant or his/her attorney files a motion to quash and properly presents the Superior Court with the lack of valid service, the result is often the same: the court can grant the motion to quash and some time later, the lawsuit is served properly on the defendant, who then has the given number of days to file a response in the case.  The Judge could also ask the attorney or defendant in court at the hearing: “When do you want to file a response to this lawsuit?”  In other words, you’ve won the battle, but lost the war, since a response to the complaint must still be filed and the case will proceed about the same, as if service has now been properly effected.

The motion to quash is really only an effective means of stopping a lawsuit if the case was filed against an out of state defendant, who has no contacts in California, which would mean the California Superior Court lacks jurisdiction for such lawsuit. Then the motion to quash would have a substantial effect on the outcome of the case.  For this reason, a motion to quash should be reserved for cases where the defendant is out of state, with no connections to California.

Thus, when people post on Avvo.com or ask elsewhere about not being properly served, I typically refer them to my blog posting on making their next steps count.  Defendants should respect the normal time to respond in court to the lawsuit as about the same, if they wish to avoid a default judgment and preserve all of their six options, noted in my first video.

Robert Stempler
www.StopCollectionLawsuits.com
Twitter @RStempler

No One Appeared for Trial for the Credit Card Bank Suing Me in a Debt Collection Lawsuit

Saturday, May 26th, 2012

Question:
I was at the Superior Court yesterday for the trial.  No one from a large credit card company showed, not even their lawyer, so the judge dismissed the case.  I quickly asked if it could be with prejudice. The judge said no, because there was no trial presentation.  Is there anything that I can do to protect myself from being sued again?

My Response:
The judge is correct. Without the trail starting and the lawyer for the plaintiff credit card bank attempting to present their evidence, the judge is unable to enter dismissal with prejudice.  Please see my blog posting on dismissal with prejudice of a credit card lawsuit.

You should be satisfied that the case was dismissed, because if the debt collection attorney had appeared at the trial with evidence of the credit card account with your name and address, many judges would enter a money judgment for the full amount presented, plus interest, court costs, and attorney’s fees.  Sometimes, the judge decides to not dismiss at trial and asks the clerk to send a written notice to the plaintiff’s attorney, giving them yet another chance to appear and present their case for trial. The result of dismissal is obviously more favorable to you, the defendant, as you need not appear again to see if they will appear.

You are permitted to file a memorandum of costs, to secure the amount that you paid for the filing fee to the clerk of the court. You should file the memorandum of costs with the court within 15 days of being notified that the case has been dismissed.

Because this debt collection lawsuit was dismissed without prejudice, it is possible that another collection lawsuit may be filed on this debt, either by the same company or by another entity, known as a debt buyer. If no other entity files a lawsuit against you on the same debt or if they fail to file within the statute of limitations period, then the debt will be considered discharged by law, once the period of time to file has expired. Please read my blog, explaining the statute of limitations period and what happens if the debt becomes time-barred.

Robert Stempler
www.StopCollectionLawsuits.com
Twitter @RStempler

 

Am I better off filing bankruptcy now, than dealing with a credit card lawsuit?

Saturday, May 19th, 2012

Question:
I was served with a debt collection lawsuit from a credit card that I was not able to pay off.  I had been paying the minimum payments with interest for many years, which no longer made sense to me and was never going anywhere.  A debt collection agency, not the credit card bank, is named in the lawsuit and they have a lawyer here in California.  Does it make sense to file bankruptcy now?

My response:
No. Filing bankruptcy is a substantial decision that can be delayed and decided later, if you are unsuccessful in fighting off or settling this debt collection lawsuit and any other lawsuits that happen to be filed against you for other unpaid debts, if any.  The first video on the home page of  www.StopCollectionLawsuits.com discusses an individual’s six options, each of which deserves consideration and understanding of the pros and cons, before narrowing it down to a couple of worthwhile options, then going with one.  Thus, that video and my other videos are a good starting point, along with my blog posting on making your next steps count.

In deciding whether to file bankruptcy or one of the other six options, much depends on your and your family’s financial status and current income.  Perhaps you do not qualify for a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy, and thus this is not an option for you now, but you may qualify in the future.  Also, perhaps you are in a career or regulated industry that prohibits employees from having a recent bankruptcy filing or any bankruptcy.  Perhaps being able to discharge this and all other debts would make bankruptcy worthwhile, though sometimes if you are patient, you can discharge other substantial debts, such as income taxes.  Perhaps your finances are mixed up with other family members, such as you have property or accounts held in joint names, which can make filing bankruptcy a problem for that asset and the other persons.

If you have further questions, be sure to consult with an experienced debt collection defense attorney to help you understand each of the six options.  If you consult with an attorney who’s practice is mostly bankruptcy cases, he or she may be more inclined advise bankruptcy, rather than offer you alternatives to bankruptcy, such as defending the lawsuit or settling.  My web site’s free eCase review asks whether the consumer has received any settlement demands to settle the debt, because then the consumer knows earlier if settling is realistic.  The key to making the best decision here is to understand your options and having experienced legal counsel.

Robert Stempler
www.StopCollectionLawsuits.com
Twitter @RStempler